Bermuda's Population

The most recent census of Bermuda was carried out in 2010. The data in this article is taken from the 2010 Census of Population and Housing report, published in 2012 (final results) by the Government of Bermuda, Department of Statistics.

Total Population

The report revealed that the civilian non-institutional population of Bermuda in 2010 was 64,237. This compares to 62,059 recorded at the previous census in 2000, a modest increase of 3.5 per cent. There were 30,858 males and 33,379 females.

Total Population – Males and Females

 
2010
2000
1991
Male 30,858 29,802 28,345
Female 33,379 32,257 30,115
Total 64,237 62,059 58,460

Population by Country/Region of Birth

 
2010
2010 (%)
2000
(%)
Bermuda 42,80269 44,29071
UK 3,9426 4,8468
USA 3,4246 3,4135
Caribbean 2,6514 2,0683
Canada 2,2354 2,5604
Azores/Portugal 1,5743 1,7503
Europe (Ex UK/Portugal) 1,1252 1,0532
Asia 2,3054 1,1172
Africa61512320
Other66116361
Not stated3521940
No data 2,551--
64,237100 62,059100

Racial Groups

Blacks comprised 54 per cent of the population and were the largest racial group, a slight decrease from 2000. Whites were the second largest racial group, making up 31 per cent of the population.

The proportion of persons reporting Asian or ‘Other’ as their racial group doubled from 2 per cent in 2000 to 4 per cent in 2010. This is accounted for by the influx of Asian and other foreign workers during the intercensal period.

Population Distribution by Racial Group

 
 
2010 (%)
2000 (%)
Black5455
White3134
Mixed77
Asian42
Other42
100100

Population Density

The total land area of Bermuda is 20.74 square miles and in 2010 the population density was 3,097 persons per square mile. This was a slight increase over the 2,992 persons per square mile recorded in 2000.

This makes Bermuda one of the most densely populated countries in the world, ranking behind just a handful of countries such as Monaco, Singapore, Bahrain, and Malta.

In 2010 Pembroke, which includes the capital Hamilton, was the most populated and densely populated parish in Bermuda. This was despite a drop in population of 6.2 per cent.

St George’s is the least densely populated area of the island. Much of its land is occupied by by LF Wade International Airport. The rich enclave of Tucker’s Town and several golf courses are also here. It did however see population growth of 17.8 per cent.

Construction of residential properties in the intercensal period was a major factor driving the relocation of residents between parishes.

Population Density by Parish

 
Population 2010
Population Per Square Mile 2010
Population 2000
Population Per Square Mile 2000
Area Square Miles
Population Growth (%)
St George's 6,422 1,642 5,451 1,3943.9117.8
Hamilton 5,862 2,860 5,270 2,5712.0511.2
Smith's 5,406 2,845 5,658 2,9781.9-4.5
Devonshire 7,332 3,839 7,307 3,8261.910.3
Pembroke 10,610 5,028 11,306 5,3582.11-6.2
Paget 5,702 2,795 5,088 2,4942.0412.1
Warwick 8,615 3,898 8,587 3,8862.210.3
Southampton 6,633 2,811 6,117 2,5922.368.4
Sandys 7,655 3,402 7,275 3,2332.255.2
Total 64,237 3,097 62,059 2,99220.743.5

Age Groups

Although the total population of Bermuda grew modestly in the 10 years to 2010, there were significant changes in age groups.

The proportion of residents aged between 45 and 64 increased from 24 per cent in 2000 to 30 per cent in 2010. This can be attributed to the rise in births in the Baby Boom period after World War II. The proportion of seniors also rose significantly.

The most recent projections indicate that the proportion of seniors is expected to rise to 22 per cent by 2030 and the numbers of children continue to fall.

Population – Age Group Distribution

Age Group
2010 (%)
2000 (%)
65+1411
45 - 643024
30 - 442328
20 - 291113
5 - 191618
0 - 466
100100

Religion

Although the number of persons claiming no religious affiliation increased between 2000 and 2010, Bermuda remains a deeply religious society.

Population by Religion

Religion
2010
2000
Anglican 10,138 14,011
Roman Catholic 9,340 9,275
African Methodist Episcopal 5,497 6,803
Seventh Day Adventist 4,273 4,042
Non-denominational 5,309 3,988
Pentecostal 2,246 2,742
Methodist 1,747 2,430
Presbyterian/Congregational 1,300 1,799
Church of God 1,001 1,271
Salvation Army708980
Brethren652934
Baptist786891
Other 5,816 3,723
None 11,466 8,560
Not stated 1,407610
No data 2,551-
64,237 62,059

Household Income

50 per cent of households reported an annual income of more than £108,000 in 2010. 35 per cent received more than $144,000.

The median household income in 2010 was $106,389, a staggering 48 per cent rise on the 2000 figure of $71,662.

For more information about salaries and income see our guide to the economy of Bermuda.

Household Income – Distribution

Total Household Income
2010 (%)
2000 (%)
Under $36,0001119
$36,000 - $71,9992032
$72,000 - $107,9991922
$108,000 - $143,9991512
$144,000 and over3515
100100

Housing

In the intercensal period the numbers of dwellings occupied by owners rose while the number of rented dwellings fell.

The median monthly rent paid in 2010 was $1,700; while the median monthly mortgage/loan payment was $3,500.

Households by Tenure

Tenure
2010 (# households)
2000 (# households)
Owner-occupied 12,238 10,863
Rented 11,719 12,854
Rent free 1,004 1,006
Not stated13340
No data 1,106-
26,200 24,763

Monthly Rents

Monthly Rent
2010 (# households)
2000 (# households)
Under $600301 1,302
$600 - $799562 2,136
$800 - $999 1,008 2,670
$1000 - $1,499 2,754 3,264
$1500 - $1,999 2,243 1,291
$2000 - $3,999 2,978 1,276
$4,000 and over 1,305563
Not stated568352
11,719 12,854
Median ($) 1,700 1,021

Monthly Mortgages

 
2010 (# households)
2000 (# households)
Under $1,400470 1,055
$1,400 - $1,999649 1,434
$2,000 - $2,999 1,176 1,203
$3,000 - $4,999 1,608978
$5,000 and over 1,172234
Not stated746311
5,821 5,215
Median ($) 3,500 2,168

Unemployment

The unemployment rate jumped from 2.6 per cent in 2000 to 6.5 per cent in 2010. Although Bermuda has a strong economy, it did not escape the effects of the global financial crisis.

Tourism suffered greatly, forcing many hotels to close during the intercensal period.

Labour Force

 
2010
2000
Employed 37,197 36,878
Unemployed 2,583 1,001
Total 39,780 37,879
Unemployment rate6.5%2.6%

Two senior member of Bermuda's population walking in the street

Comments and Additional Information

  1. alice says

    The most recent population in Bermuda is 68,946.

  2. Janice says

    Some of the Portuguese worked very hard for many years and have risen to positions of high standing in the community and sporting world. Many of the Portuguese played cricket and soccer in the 1940s and 50s and were the founders of many sporting clubs and teams.

  3. Tom says

    There’s also a small number of persons of Native American Indian descent on St David’s Island.

  4. Tom says

    The Portugese came mainly from the Azores. They originally came to Bermuda as gardeners and farmers. Many still work in these trades, but today you’ll find them in all professions.

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